Regarding non-governmental social entities which operate in a way that is effective and not too terrible:
While I have not read on them extensively I did check on their status which have yielded interesting results.
The YPG , Kurdish People’s Protection Forces, is fighting ISIS which is as we know, a very good thing. They have been effective in pushing back against ISIS more, from what I know, than the massively destabilizing military action that the United States favors. Their ideology is fairly conservative and is Marxist/Leninist. They have a website with reading and stuff if you are interested.
Democratic confederalism is the contrasting paradigm of the oppressed people. Democratic confederalism is a non-state social paradigm. It is not controlled by a state. At the same time, democratic confederalism is the cultural organizational blueprint of a democratic nation. Democratic confederalism is based on grass-roots participation. Its decision making processes lie with the communities. Higher levels only serve the coordination and implementation of the will of the communities that send their delegates to the general assemblies. For limited space of time they are both mouthpiece and executive institution. However, the basic power of decision rests with the local grass-roots institutions.
Context: Kurds are the largest stateless ethnic group. Their population is abut ~35 million despite erasure and attempts to destroy Kurdish culture/language/costume. Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29702440
The PKK , Kurdistan Workers’ Party, is the organization that backs this group, and because of their behavior in the 1990s and 80s they are labelled as terrorists by the UN, even though the west relies on them to fight ISIS, and they have been in talks with the Pentagon regarding arming and material support,
They are no longer active in Turkey I don't think, but since Turkey is sliding into Authoritarian Nation State status and they already have a history of trying to erase the presence of Kurdish people, who is surprised by that?
The PYD is the YPG's political arm, which was what was talking to the pentagon I think.
I'm not an expert on this by any means but now the info is more accessible and I can look it up more easily in the future. So can you!
Research is fun.
This group is interesting because of their cohesion and self-reliance, horizontal leadership, grassroots decision making, and social solutions for what we may consider to be material problems ( using public shaming to make people do chores and not be racist instead of imposing fines or other material punishment ). The ability to organize and enforce rules decided on by the community in a way that is different from the American Fashion we are used to is interesting and worth further investigation and reading https://deleteyouraccount.libsyn.com/from-rojava-with-love